Is political stability possible after 20 November polls?

Is political stability possible after 20 November polls?


By Our Political Analyst

The nation is holding the second election to the House of Representatives and Provincial Assemblies after the promulgation of the new constitution in 2015.

Before drafting and promulgating the constitution it was claimed that the constitution would help maintain political stability in the country. Moreover, many provisions were included in the constitution in a bid to maintain political stability. One of them was that the prime minister was not given the authority to dissolve the House until there is a chance of forming an alternative majority government. Likewise, lawmakers were prevented from registering a no-trust motion against the Prime Minister for two and half years. Likewise, stricter provisions were inserted to prevent a split in the parliamentary party.

However, these provisions failed to ensure political stability. KP Oli dissolved the House twice using authority which was not given to him by the constitution as described by the Court. His act invited tussles among the parties, and within the then ruling Communist Party of Nepal, which culminated in the fall of the Oli-led government.

Sher Bahadur Deuba of the Nepali Congress became the new Prime Minister after the Court reinstated the House with an order to appoint Deuba as the new Prime Minister. The new PM issued an ordinance to pave a way for Madhav Kumar Nepal to split the CPN-UML and Mahantha Thakur Janata Samajwadi Party Nepal. Consequently, the powerful two-thirds majority government led by Oli formed in 2018 collapsed in 41 months. Two parties split twice—NCP split into UML and Maoist Centre first and then UML into CPN (Unified Socialist) and JSP-N into LSP and the Baburam-led group.

The NCP which was formed by unifying the two communist parties—UML and Maoist Centre—with a slogan of establishing political stability before the 2017 polls suffered not only split but became the cause of political instability. Now they are arch rivals.

The political incidents of the past five years show that the political leaders are responsible for the instability. Mere constitution and law cannot work when the leaders give up their power-centric activities. We do not know whether Oli and Pushpa Kamal Dahal had made a gentle agreement to run the government turn by turn as was reported in the media, but the enmity between the two leaders grew prompting Oli to resort to the unconstitutional act of House dissolution. While Oli had good relations with Dahal, he applied every measure to corner Madhav Kumar Nepal which prompted the latter to break the party. Here not the law, but the ego of Oli and the two leaders were responsible for the failure of the Oli-led government to complete a five-year term in office. Sadly, no government formed in Nepal after 1951 has completed the full term of five years.

When the parliament elected in 2017 failed to maintain stability, the new election is not likely to throw a parliament that could maintain stability. In 2017, the parties participated in the election by unifying themselves, but this time they are divided. Although the ruling parties are trying to forge an electoral alliance, a faction in the NC is challenging the alliance.

The latest political development shows that the NC is likely to suffer a split after the 2022 polls as UML did after the 2017 elections. The growing factional enmity in the NC and the unethical acts of Prime Minister Deuba and his team while picking the candidates for the upcoming elections are likely to fuel division in the party.

Moreover, when the key of the government is always with Pushpa Kamal Dahal, political stability cannot be possible. He will be changing his stance. Even though it is not certain, he will be with the NC after the elections if Oli offers him the post of post-election PM. Thus, political stability looks elusive after the November 20 elections.

Original Article @

People’s Review